The TurkStream Pipeline System will directly connect the large gas reserves in Russia to the Turkish gas transportation network, to provide reliable energy supplies for Turkey, South and Southeast Europe. The offshore component of TurkStream Pipeline is developed and constructed by South Stream Transport B.V. The offshore pipeline consists of two parallel pipelines running through the Black Sea. Both offshore pipelines start near Anapa, on the Russian coast, and land on the Turkish coast near Kiyikoy. Of the two onshore pipelines, BOTAS will develop the first line in Turkey, which will connect to the Turkish network at Lüleburgaz. The second onshore line, which will run towards the Turkish-European border, will be realized jointly by Gazprom and BOTAS.
TurkStream: Design and Construction of Ultra-deepwater Gas Pipelines in the Black Sea
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