The importance of maintaining high reliability and operational availability of equipment is becoming of great importance for the oil industry. This occurs due to the constant need for resource optimization and business survival regarding the aspects of competitiveness in the current economic and social context.
Thus, this work presents a case study using the methodology for Maintenance management called Reliability Centered Maintenance - RCM. This aims to ensure the provision of information necessary to define a better strategy to develop plans for preventive and predictive maintenance for equipment belonging to the Storage Terrestrial Terminals and Oil and Byproduct Transport Pipelines.
The RCM, although arising from and duly widespread in the aviation industry, has been adapted by other industries and this work suggests its adaptation for the oil industry. In order to assist the analysis of this context, a wide reference review was set as a basis, in order to allow a better understanding of its application in the Industrial Maintenance.